Dyson Ring Swarm

Ring Swarms (AKA Jenkins Swarms)

Jenkins Swarm
Image from Steve Bowers
This power collection swarm consists of thousands of elements in inclined orbits, each with a slightly different ascending node and pericenter. This arrangement ensures the elements never come close to each other. The various orbits form a toroid shape, surrounding the star.
jenkins dyson
Image from Steve Bowers
Several toroidal ring swarms may be arranged at right angles to each other

A partial dyson swarm in which the component orbitals and other megastructures follow conventional orbits and form a ring, or rings, around the star. The orbits of each element can be adjusted so that the swarm forms a torus; several swarm tori can be arranged at right angles to each other to efficiently collect energy from the star.

These toroidal swarms are often known as Jenkins Swarms after the Information Age thinker who first described the concept.

see also Ringworlds

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Development Notes
Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Initially published on 09 October 2001.

Additional Information
Here's an excellent page by Bob Jenkins on the subject of Dyson Ring Swarms;