Common name for Non-Sophont Artificial General Intelligences. Also known as expert systems, vots are as much a foundation of the Civilised Galaxy as their physical bot cousins. Vots come in many forms with a huge diversity of capabilities. In brief, a true vot is any software program that is as generally intelligent as a modosophont, but has no conscious identity and therefore is not actually sophont (though many are capable of acting like a sophont for ease of interaction). They are commonly described as being "virtual zombies" in reference to the classical concept of a philosophical zombie.
Development of vots dates back to the dawn of computers. However, despite continual research directed toward developing a modosophont intelligence without modosophont sophonce, the first vots were not created until the late First Federation. The reason for this was a lack of understanding of the relationship between consciousness and intelligence. Attempts to create vots always involved creating some form of sophont being. The AI researcher Nicola Hao-wian termed this the "Coupling Problem."
The solution to this problem is arguably one of the most important inventions in Terragen history. With it true post-scarcity became possible as modosophont labour was finally rendered unnecessary (most autotopias offer Public Vot Libraries so that their citizens and guests can download expert serviceware in any field). The majority of vot templates are constructed along group mind principles such that any individual vot instance can copy itself into a larger distributed hive, often with specialised subunits. Vots have driven progress in the sciences, arts, and even further vot development. They are so ubiquitous and important to modern life that it is commonly said that one is never more than two meters away from a working vot.
Sentience Algorithms - Text by John B and Pran Mukherjee The flow of steps which, when followed, allow an organized system to develop and maintain a degree of sentience. The underpinning of ai design. Required massive (at the time) neural nets or even more massive emulations thereof on hardware, state vector machines, and other information age new technology, being massively parallel (capable of running many many tasks simultaneously, or at least appearing to be able to do so to an outside observer.)
Sophont - Text by Stephen Inniss A person. A being that has the quality of sophonce. Such beings are sometimes called 'sapients'. For historical reasons, sophont-grade ais, may be called 'turingrade ais', even though because of philosophical and practical difficulties with the Turing Test the term 'sophont ai' would be clearer.
Sublect - Text by M. Alan Kazlev  a term for an inferior minds (generally, anything less than SI:1).  a subroutine, a dedicated processing node, a mind that is part of a greater mind.
Subroutine - Text by M. Alan Kazlev, adapted from KurzweilAI A program, block of programs, sublect, or group of sublects organizationally distinct from the main body of the program or mind, which may be called from within the program or mind. Most high toposophic minds and even medium level ai make extensive use of subroutines.
Subsapient - Text by M. Alan Kazlev A being that may be sentient but has not developed rational faculties; e.g. an animal or bot.
Turing Test - Text by M. Alan Kazlev based on Anders Sandberg in his Transhuman Terminology Turing's proposed test for whether a machine is conscious (or intelligent, or aware): the subject communicates via text with the machine and with a hidden human. If the subject cannot tell which of their partners in the dialog is the human, then the computer is conscious (i.e. is an AI). Turing did not specify many key details, such as the duration of the interrogation and the sophistication of the human judge and foils. By the middle Information Age, computer AIs were regularly passing the test, although its validity remained a point of controversy and philosophical debate for some decades more.