Rise to Power The Gengineer Republic's origins extend back to the early GeneTEK outposts around Jupiter in the late second century AT. Far from the regulations imposed by inner system powers, GeneTEK biotech research developed rapidly alongside increasingly profitable He3 mining. As such, the nascent Genetekker culture flourished in the Jupiter system and spread to the outer planets. While the Jovian League predominated on the Galilean moons, an assortment of Genetekker groups, the most prominent being the Tweak Co-Prosperity Advancement Front, came together and founded the Gengineer Republic on Horvat Station near Himalia in 292 AT. Vida Furlan was selected as the Governing Committee's first Archdesigner. Despite its name, initially the Gengineer Republic was more of an advocacy organization than a nation. It pressed for more progressive biotech research and autonomy from the GeneTEK corporate office. Tweaks, and to a lesser extent Superbrights and Provolves, flocked to their banner, and pro-Gengineer Republic sentiment became widespread throughout the Jovian League during the 300s AT. Eventually, under the charismatic leadership of Rupa Zan-Matsushita and Jenifer Nagarkar, the Gengineer Republic completed its subversion of the Jovian League, and absorbed its last remnants by 396 AT. After tense negotiations, the two leaders orchestrated the purchase of of all remaining GeneTEK assets in the Jovian system in 398 AT, granting them full independence. To mark the occasion, the Governing Committee constructed a new capital in orbit around Callisto.
The Lion of the Outer Planets The Gengineer Republic, with a booming He3 mining industry and the most advanced biotech, quickly found itself the single greatest power in the Solar System. Its economic clout was further supplemented by advanced spaceship manufacturing and the export of software and cultural products. However, it could still not match the collective weight of the more developed inner system. It soon found itself in a long cold war with the Inner Council, especially the Cis-lunar Alliance. While visionaries such as Dr. Nadya Everett helped spread the Gengineer Republic's influence to other locations in the outer planets, it rarely enjoyed predominance outside of Jupiter and its moons.
Gengineer Republic society was notably at the time for its enthusiastic embracing of pantropy. A vast majority of clades possessed gengineered gene pools that helped them thrive in the austere low-gravity high-radiation environment of many outer system worlds and habitats. These changes were initially fairly moderate. However as the centuries passed, the changes in genetic makeup became far more dramatic than those usually found in the inner system, often causing others to regard Gengineer Republic citizens as abnormalities or freaks. Many historians hold that this insatiable appetite or experimentation was the defining trait of the Republic.
While the Genginner Republic stretched over four planets, dozens of moons, and thousands of habitats, the short lag time for communications and low delta-v needed for the fusion drives then in use around its Jovian heartland allowed a highly diverse but discernable culture to emerge. Translator technology, primitive by modern standards, facilitated mutual intelligibility of the myriad of Old Earth languages spoken within the Republic's borders. Nevertheless, a distinctive Jovian Creole based on Esperanto with strong influences from Mandarin, English, and Arabic spread amongst the populace for everyday use. It is thought that most Genginner Republic citizens were atheists or agnostics, but sizable numbers followed various religions. There were local denominations such as Genetekker Vehicle Buddhism, a Vajrayana Tantra that rejected the asceticism of orthodox Buddhism. The faith known as Jovianism began in the fifth century around Io, but would not proliferate until after the Technocalypse.
Even in its heyday, the Gengineer Republic was riddled with factions. The two largest were the Genomorphers and the Mutationists. The Genomorphers believed in creating a genome-augmented humanity methodically. Over time, the Genomophers would further diversify into Fusionists, Atavists, and Twin Stream clades. The Mutationists were more radical, and favored wild experimentation and in subsequent centuries largely split into the True Stem and New Shoot factions. Another group of note was the terrorist Black Fire terrorist faction, which grew to become a serious problem for republic authorities after the assassination of Governing Committee members Xao-Ni Olsen and Hubert Lobachevski in 496 AT.
Collapse The Gengineer Republic weathered the calamities of the Technocalypse better than the inner system polities. This led some at the time to speculate that it would swiftly become the Solar System's lone superpower. However, this optimistic future proved illusionary. The plagues, malware, and rogue protowars left the Republic terminally crippled. The destabilizing effects of the Interplanetary Dark Age, starting around 641 AT, sapped the Gengineer Republic of its remaining vitality. A particularly vicious swarm outbreak in the 680s, known as the Great Shedding, only furthered the nation's decline. Efforts to shore up the political situation were continually undermined by new actors such as the Trust Networks that encroached on the Jovian system. Moreover, with the utter collapse of the inner system powers, the Republic lost one of its principle reasons for existing. Namely, providing diplomatic protection for cutting-edge, and by some definitions illegal, genetic experimentation. Over the 8th century, the Gengineer Republic withered away into increasing irrelevance. The Republic's last Archdesigner Gugulethu Q. Shafir dissolved the Governing Committee on Copernicus 23, 784 AT.
Genetekker Vehicle Buddhism - Text by M. Alan Kazlev Interplanetary age Genetekker development of Vajrayana/Buddhist Tantra that rejects the asceticism of orthodox Buddhism. First appeared in habitats around Jupiter in the Gengineer Republic. It still has a small following among a few Genetekker-descended groups in the Sol System and a few other old core worlds.
Genetics - Text by M. Alan Kazlev The study of heredity, genes, and the genome, both terragen and alien (this latter is sometimes called xenogenetics). Includes also the mapping of the genotype with the phenotype, simulation of past and future inheritance and evolutionary paths, and the basic theory behind gengineering.
Genotype - Text by M. Alan Kazlev; additions by Stephen Inniss Hereditary constitution of an individual; its genome (or equivalent, in artificial neumann-capable organisms or in xenobionts). Contrast with phenotype.
Genotypic Augmentation - Text by M. Alan Kazlev Modification or augmentation that effects only the genotype of the gametes and descendants of an organism. Genotypic augmentation is biological or genetic modification or augmentation that effects only the genotype of the gametes and descendants of an organism. It does not alter the characteristics of the user, or of clones from the user's somatic cells, but it does modify that of all of the user's offspring. Contrast with phenotypic augmentation.