Ross 128b
Image from Steve Bowers
Lohim is a large terrestrial vesperian planet, a little larger than Earth and tidally locked.

Ross 128 - Data Panel

TypeM4V red dwarf
Luminosity0.00362 x Sol
Distance from Sol11.03ly (2000 epoch)
Capital WorldLohim, Ross 128b
Planetary typeVesperian (tidally locked terrestrial world with a significant iron core
Mass1.35 x Earth
Diameter13860 km
Orbital Period9.8658 standard days
Surface gravity1.15 gees
Ross 128b was first colonized in 563 AT by Beamrider ships. Despite being tidally locked, it nevertheless has a decent magnetic field due to having a sidereal day of only 9.9 earth days. Prior to the first human landing on Ross 128b, there was no indigenous life. The surface gravity is 1.13 gees. Thanks to a relatively thick atmosphere (about 3.5 bars at sea level) transferring heat from the day side to the night side, the temperature difference between dayside and nightside is relatively small for a tidally locked world (average temperature in the middle of the dayside is 75 Celsius, average temperature on day/night horizon is 20 Celsius, average temperature in the middle of the darkside is -40 Celsius.) Oceans cover 40% of the surface, exposed land covers 30% of the surface, and ice caps cover 30% of the surface. The atmosphere was primarily composed of nitrogen and carbon dioxide.

Since most of the colonists on the first beamrider ships originated from the Old Earth nation of Thailand, Ross 128b ended up with the name Lohim (a simplified version of a Thai word meaning "New Earth"). The Ross 128 star itself became known as "Singpad"— which was also a case of later colonists heavily simplifying the original Thai name (which was just a translation of "Ross 128" as this star system had never been given any other name). Beamrider colonists kept arriving sporadically for the next hundred years (though this flow of arrivals was interrupted by the Technocalypse), and in total the population of Lohim in 640 AT was circa 35,000 people.

The terraformation process at Lohim was relatively straightforward, using a combination of genetically-tailored lifeforms and primitive Weather Machine light-management technology. By 640 a number of transmissions had been sent back to the Old Solar System indicating that the world would have a breathable atmosphere within a few decades. These arrived at around the same time as the event known as the Great Expulsion occurred, which resulted in a massive exodus from the Earth itself and from the Solar System in general.

Lohim was an especially attractive destination for the refugees from Old Earth, given its location on an established Beamrider route and its expected habitability, meaning that no life support infrastructure was necessary. In the years between 650 and 690 AT, no fewer than 30 million refugees from Old Earth would arrive at Lohim, with many more attempting the journey but not surviving the process of revival from stasis. Among these colony ships were the governments of twelve Old Earth nation states along with many citizens of those countries— Canada, the Czech Republic, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Nepal, the Philippines, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand, and Vietnam. (The governments of other Old Earth countries either voluntarily dissolved, split into various competing factions, or went elsewhere).

This dwarfed the original settler population, who formed a temporary emergency government of the planet to manage the flow of arrivals and allocate them with land. (Some raised the possibility of simply turning the arrivals away, but they soon realized that that would be impossible due to the sheer number of arrivals).

By the 700s AT, Lohim was profoundly changed. A new Lohim Confederation government was established in 706 AT, which dealt with matters regarding relations with other star systems, the other worlds of the Singpad system, and the continued terraforming and development of Lohim. For other matters, the planet of Lohim was divided up between the twelve countries whose governments arrived from Earth, as well as nine new countries.

The culture of Lohim in the 700s AT can be described as conservative and resistant to technological progress. The impacts of the Technocalypse and Great Expulsion made people highly wary of advanced technology and artificial intelligence; whilst most human-inhabited worlds in this period had not been terraformed, making the embrace of technology a necessity, on Lohim the habitable climate (in the twilight regions, at least!) made it possible to live with relatively basic technology. Many people even decided to completely avoid computers and resort to technology from the 1st century BT; another sign of the conservative culture is that the 706 constitution of the Lohim Confederation explicitly forbids the presence of artificial intelligence anywhere in the Singpad system, and also forbids mind uploading and brain-computer interfaces.

The populace of Lohim were, however, generally willing to accept life extension treatments provided that they're fully biological in nature; this made the conservative culture of Lohim even more entrenched. By 1100 AT, people over 400 years old who remembered the difficult beginnings of Lohim still had a lot of power, despite some people in younger generations being more willing to embrace technology. Additionally, the people of Lohim have by now adopted a mindset that Lohim is the "spiritual home of Humanity", due to its enduring strong cultural links to pre-Expulsion Old Earth civilizations. In particular, the Lohim-based nation of Japan has always claimed to be the oldest Terragen civilization that exists anywhere, with a direct unbroken history stretching back to the 3rd millennium BT.
Lohim is also by this point one of the few places to still use the Gregorian calendar of Old Earth— most places have long since either adopted local calendar systems or switched to the Tranquility calendar.

The First Federation and the Eridanus League

The large colony ship 'Utnapishtim-6' that reached Ross-128 in 1080 AT was a more speculative venture than usual for the Star Pilgrim Corporation, which sent colonizing missions to many systems during the Early Federation period. Most of the Star Pilgrims built habitats in the large, diffuse outer asteroid belt.

In 1110 AT, the Lohim Confederation decided to join the Eridanus League, despite the reluctance of many of the Confederation's members. As part of the agreement, several Confederation member states don't officially join the Eridanus League, but are nonetheless aligned with it. The decentralised nature of the Eridanus League was attractive to the people of Lohim, who saw it as a way to avoid being influenced by ai. Despite its membership of the Eridanus League, though, Etodism never became widespread on Lohim.

In 1679 AT, the Lohim Confederation amicably left the Eridanus League and declared itself to be permanently neutral. By this point, Lohim is pretty much irrelevant due to its refusal to accept technological progress. However, for a brief time Ross-128 became a busy waystation as numerous colony ships stopped there on their way past Earthspace to future Yoson Confederacy worlds such as Chiri and Yosonia. Ross-128 did not itself become a Yoson Confederacy member since Etodism was not strong in this system, and there was a general desire to avoid becoming a target of the Tahmetians.

For the next ten thousand years up to the present day, Lohim has stayed in this remarkably consistent situation. Its technological level is generally still similar to that of Old Earth in the 1st century BT and first century AT.

Nowadays, Lohim is considered to be a de facto baseline reserve under the influence of an anonymous transapient, who subtly influences the politics of Lohim to ensure that the political status quo there is maintained, though this has never been proven. Lohim is a popular tourist spot for people from across the galaxy, due to its rich cultural history and status as a low-technology world very similar to Old Earth.
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Development Notes
Text by Four
Expanded from an original article by Aaron Hamilton
Initially published on 31 August 2000.