In the popular imagination nanobots are motile, have some sensory equipment and internal information processing capability, are neumann-capable, have an internal power source can access external power such as light or chemical fuels, and can employ both mechanosynthetic and chemosynthetic techniques. While a given nanobot might have one or two or several of these traits, bots so sophisticated that they have all those abilities are much larger; at least the size of microbots. Nanobots are also sometimes confused with nanites, but nanites are much smaller and simpler constructs and may function as nanobot components. Swarms of specialized nanobots under the direction of larger systems are essential elements of modern technology. Among their millions of applications are medical treatment and cellular rejuvenation, food replication, domestic household service, industrial molecular manufacturing and assembly of all kinds, waste management, and repair and maintenance of transport systems.
Cytobot - Text by M. Alan Kazlev A bot approximately the size of a cell. Alternatively, a bionano or biomeso-based and/or built or grown organic device the size and shape of a biological cell; an artificial but still organic cell that can be given instructions like any nano or mesobot.
Microbot - Text by M. Alan Kazlev Autonomous device on the microscale (10-6 m); larger than a nanobot but smaller than a macroscopic bot (the limit is usually set somewhat arbitrarily at one millimeter). Microbots are used for a variety of tasks such as monitoring, repairs, nanite transport and production and smart materials.
Nanodust - Text by Anders Sandberg Layers of dead nanomachinery sedimenting in the dust, on the bottom of lakes and elsewhere. Ideally nanodust should self-destruct, but there are always bugs in that. Micro- and biotech scavengers collect them, but there are always places they miss. So the puddles on a roof collect diamond dust which blows away when they dry out, which can both erode shiny facades, irritate people and catch fire.
Nanoengineer - Text by M. Alan Kazlev One who designs or programs assemblers or nano-devices, or designs functional structures on the atomic scale. Nanoengineering is based on applications from quantum mechanics, applied thermodynamics, chemistry, MEMS, mesotech, robotics, and swarm theory. Most nanoengineers are cyborgs or vecs who incorporate extensive pragmatic nanoborg augmentations, and generally work in a specific field of application, or as dedicated sophonts for a higher toposophic. Contrast with nanohacker.
Nanofacture - Text by Geoff Dale in Anders Sandberg's Transhuman Terminology The fabrication of goods, especially but not necessarily macroscale items, using nanotechnology. Fabrication may occur on a large industrial scale, or from a small personal autofab unit.
Nanosome - Text by Anders Sandberg, in Transhuman Terminology Generic term for any nanodevices (whether hylo or bio) existing symbiotically inside biological cells, doing mechanosynthesis and disassembly for it and replicating with the cell.