The study of how biological organisms function, and how the cells, tissues, and various bodily organs and systems operate; as well as the interaction of the body with the environment, and the effects of disease and ageing. Involves comprehensive knowledge of bionano, medical nano, and simulations, anatomy, various gengineed phenotypes, and so on.
Text by M. Alan Kazlev from original by Robert J. Hall
Initially published on 19 December 2001.